Effects of cannabidiol in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease: An exploratory double-blind trial

Marcos Hortes N. Chagas, Antonio W. Zuardi, Vitor Tumas, Márcio Alexandre Pena-Pereira, Emmanuelle T. Sobreira, Mateus M. Bergamaschi, Antonio Carlos Dos Santos, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Jaime E.C. Hallak, José Alexandre S. Crippa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

237 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Parkinsons disease (PD) has a progressive course and is characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. Although noneuroprotective treatments for PD have been found to date, the endocannabinoid system has emerged as a promising target.

Reprints and permissions: Methods: From a sample of 119 patients consecutively evaluated in a specialized movement disorders outpatient clinic, we selected 21 PD patientswithout dementia or comorbid psychiatric conditions. Participants were assigned to three groups of seven subjects each who were treated with placebo,cannabidiol (CBD) 75 mg/day or CBD 300 mg/day. One week before the trial and in the last week of treatment participants were assessed in respectto (i) motor and general symptoms score (UPDRS); (ii) well-being and quality of life (PDQ-39); and (iii) possible neuroprotective effects (BDNF andH1-MRS).

Results: We found no statistically significant differences in UPDRS scores, plasma BDNF levels or H1-MRS measures. However, the groups treated withplacebo and CBD 300 mg/day had significantly different mean total scores in the PDQ-39 (p = 0.05).

Conclusions: Our findings point to a possible effect of CBD in improving quality of life measures in PD patients with no psychiatric comorbidities;however, studies with larger samples and specific objectives are required before definitive conclusions can be drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1088-1092
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cannabidiol
  • cannabis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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