Effects of aging on action-intentional programming

Ali R. Shoraka, Dana M. Otzel, Eduardo M. Zilli, Glen R. Finney, Leilani Doty, Adam D. Falchook, Kenneth M. Heilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Action-intentional programs control “when” we initiate, inhibit, continue, and stop motor actions. The purpose of this study was to learn if there are changes in the action-intentional system with healthy aging, and if these changes are asymmetrical (right versus left upper limb) or related to impaired interhemispheric communication. Methods: We administered tests of action-intention to 41 middle-aged and older adults (61.9 ± 12.3 years). Results: Regression analyses revealed that older age predicted a decrement in performance for tests of crossed motor response inhibition as well as slower motor initiation with the left hand. Conclusion: Changes in action-intention with aging appear to be related to alterations of interhemispheric communication and/or age-related right hemisphere dysfunction; however, further research is needed to identify the mechanisms for age-related changes in the brain networks that mediate action-intention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-258
Number of pages15
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive aging
  • action-intention
  • brain aging
  • interhemispheric disconnection
  • motor control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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  • Cite this

    Shoraka, A. R., Otzel, D. M., M. Zilli, E., Finney, G. R., Doty, L., Falchook, A. D., & Heilman, K. M. (2018). Effects of aging on action-intentional programming. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 25(2), 244-258. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2017.1287854