The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of aging and caloric restriction (CR) on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and IGFBP-4 expression in the stomach and colon of male Fischer 344 rats. Stomach and colonic RNA were prepared from ad libitum (AL) fed or long-term CR rats. Stomach IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-4 mRNA levels increased significantly (P≤0.05), while colonic IGF-I mRNA levels were unchanged in aged AL rats. In aged CR rats, stomach IGFBP-3 mRNA levels decreased. Stomach and colonic IGF-IR mRNA levels declined with aging in AL and CR rats (P≤0.05). Colonic IGFBP-3 mRNA levels decreased significantly with aging in AL rats. There were no changes in colonic IGFBP-4 mRNA levels in aged AL or CR rats. Increased expression of stomach IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-4 in aged AL rats suggests that the stomach attempts to preserve IGF activity by increasing local expression of IGF-I and IGFBPs. Because the aging colon has a propensity to develop cancer, it may adapt to increased colonic IGF-I expression by reducing IGF-IR and IGFBP-3 expression. Additionally, CR lowers colonic IGF-I expression in aged rats (24 months) which may also be a protective adaptive mechanism. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Insulin-like Growth Factor
- Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience