Effects of age and food restriction on oxidative DNA damage and antioxidant enzyme activities in the mouse aorta

Zhong Mao Guo, Hong Yang, Michelle L. Hamilton, Holly VanRemmen, Arlan Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, DNA damage in mouse aortic cells was measured using the comet assay. The tail moment of the comet assay in aortic cells obtained from 26-month-old mice fed ad libitum (O-AL) was significantly increased as compared to 6-month-old mice fed ad libitum (Y-AL) after the cells were incubated with formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase (Fpg), which specifically recognizes oxidized purines, endonuclease III (Endo III), which specifically recognizes oxidized pyrimidines, or the combination of Endo III and Fpg. The tail moment in aortic cells obtained from 26-month-old mice fed a food-restricted diet (O-FR) was significantly reduced as compared to O-AL mice after the cells were incubated with the combination of Endo III and Fpg. These results indicate that oxidative DNA lesions, i.e. the Endo III- and Fpg-sensitive sites, increase with age in mouse aortic cells and that FR attenuates the age-related increase in oxidative DNA damage. To determine if the changes in oxidative DNA damage in mouse aortic cells are related to the antioxidant status in these cells, we measured the activities of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, extracellular-SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase-1 in the mouse aorta. We observed that the activities of all antioxidant enzymes studied were significantly increased with age and that FR attenuated the age-related increase. These data indicate that the age-related increase and FR-induced decrease in oxidative DNA damage, i.e. the Endo III- and Fpg-sensitive sites, in mouse aortic cells is not due to alteration of the antioxidant defense system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1771-1786
Number of pages16
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume122
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzyme
  • Comet assay
  • Mouse aorta
  • Oxidative DNA damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental Biology

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