The intracellular free calcium concentration, [Ca2+]i, has been measured in dog thyroid cells using the fluorescent Ca2+-indicator, quin2. Acetylcholine or its non-hydrolyzable analog, carbamylcholine rapidly increased [Ca2+]i by 40 ± 4% (mean ± SE) over the basal level of 81 ± 2 nM. This increase was totally abolished by atropine, a muscarinic cholinergic receptor blocker, but was not influenced by verapamil, a voltage dependent-calcium channel blocker. Depletion of extracellular Ca2+ by the addition of EGTA, diminished but did not abolish the response to carbamylcholine. These data suggest that cholinergic effectors increase [Ca2+]i by mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores rather than from an influx of Ca2+. Addition of TSH, isoproterenol, phorbol ester, dibutyryl cyclic GMP or cyclic AMP did not elicit any change in [Ca2+]i suggesting that their action may not involve any mobilization of intracellular Ca2+. These data provide direct evidence that in the thyroid cell, cholinergic agents act via their receptors to cause a rapid increase in [Ca2+]i, which may mediate their metabolic effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 30 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology