Background Metabolic syndrome is known to be a risk factor for developing type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and several health complications. Objective To examine the effects of a metabolic syndrome self-management programme for women with pre-diabetes. Methods The study was an RCT. Data were analysed for 170 participants, who had been randomly assigned to either an intervention (n = 85) or a control (n = 85) group. The participants in the intervention group practised a self-management programme composed of eating traditional southern Thai foods and 30-min brisk walking each day for 24 weeks; the control group received usual care. Main outcomes were evaluated at 12 and 24 weeks. Results At 12 weeks, there was a significant decrease in fasting plasma glucose and triglycerides in the intervention group (P < 0.05). At 24 weeks, there were statistically significant reductions in body-weight, body-mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose and triglycerides among participants in the intervention group (P < 0.05). No significant difference in HDL-cholesterol levels was found. Conclusions Traditional southern Thai foods and brisk walking appear to benefit glycaemic control and lipid profiles among women with pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
- lifestyle modification
- metabolic syndrome
- self-management programme
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and alternative medicine