Effects of a long-acting mutant bacterial cocaine esterase on acute cocaine toxicity in rats

Gregory T. Collins, Matthew E. Zaks, Alyssa R. Cunningham, Carley St. Clair, Joseph Nichols, Diwahar Narasimhan, Mei Chuan Ko, Roger K. Sunahara, James H. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A longer acting, double mutant bacterial cocaine esterase (CocE T172R/G173Q; DM CocE) has been shown to protect mice from cocaine-induced lethality, inhibit the reinforcing effects of cocaine in rats, and reverse cocaine's cardiovascular effects in rhesus monkeys. The current studies evaluated the effectiveness of DM CocE to protect against, and reverse cocaine's cardiovascular, convulsant, and lethal effects in male and female rats. Methods: Pretreatment studies were used to determine the effectiveness and in vivo duration of action for DM CocE to protect rats against the occurrence of cardiovascular changes, convulsion and lethality associated with acute cocaine toxicity. Posttreatment studies were used to evaluate the capacity of DM CocE to rescue rats from the cardiovascular and lethal effects of large doses of cocaine. In addition, male and female rats were studied to determine if there were any potential effects of sex on the capacity of DM CocE to protect against, or reverse acute cocaine toxicity in rats. Results: Pretreatment with DM CocE dose-dependently protected rats against cocaine-induced cardiovascular changes, convulsion and lethality, with higher doses active for up to 4. h, and shifting cocaine-induced lethality at least 10-fold to the right. In addition to dose-dependently recovering rats from an otherwise lethal dose of cocaine, post-treatment with DM CocE also reversed the cardiovascular effects of cocaine. There were no sex-related differences in the effectiveness of DM CocE to protect against, or reverse acute cocaine toxicity. Conclusions: Together, these results support the development of DM CocE for the treatment of acute cocaine toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume118
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute cocaine toxicity
  • Cardiovascular
  • Cocaine
  • Cocaine esterase
  • Convulsion
  • Lethality
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Collins, G. T., Zaks, M. E., Cunningham, A. R., St. Clair, C., Nichols, J., Narasimhan, D., Ko, M. C., Sunahara, R. K., & Woods, J. H. (2011). Effects of a long-acting mutant bacterial cocaine esterase on acute cocaine toxicity in rats. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 118(2-3), 158-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.03.015