Effects of 4E-BP1 expression on hypoxic cell cycle inhibition and tumor cell proliferation and survival

Bryan C. Barnhart, Jennifer C. Lam, Regina M. Young, Peter J. Houghton, Brian Keith, M. Celeste Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Elevated activity of the eIF4F complex, which controls initiation of cap-dependent mRNA translation, has been linked to cancer progression. eIF4E recruitment to eIF4F is the rate limiting step of complex assembly and is regulated by eIF4E-Binding Proteins (4E-BPs). When stimulated, the mammalian Target of Rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) phosphorylates 4E-BP1, which then releases eIF4E. Hypoxia inhibits mTORC1 activity and therefore cap-dependent protein synthesis. To establish a novel genetic test of the role of eIF4F activity in regulating cell division and viability within hypoxic tumor microenvironments, we generated shRNA mediated 4E-BP1 knock-down in Rh30 rhabdomyosarcoma cells. 4E-BP1 knock-down relieved hypoxia-mediated inhibition of cycle progression in vitro and was correlated with increased expression of cyclin D1 and c-Myc. Xenograft tumors derived from these cells also displayed enhanced expression of cyclin D1 and c-Myc along with antiapoptotic genes encoding Bcl-xL, and XIAP, and failed to develop the extensive necrotic zones and edema observed in control tumors. Surprisingly, 4E-BP1 knock-down also leads to a dramatic increase in aberrant mitoses in vivo and enhanced expression of Mad2 and securin. Thus, reduced expression of the negative regulator of eIF4E has significant effects on tumor development, and is associated with enhanced cell proliferation and survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1441-1449
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume7
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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Keywords

  • Hypoxia
  • Target of rapamycin
  • Tumor microenvironment
  • c-Myc
  • eIF4E binding protiens
  • mRNA translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Barnhart, B. C., Lam, J. C., Young, R. M., Houghton, P. J., Keith, B., & Simon, M. C. (2008). Effects of 4E-BP1 expression on hypoxic cell cycle inhibition and tumor cell proliferation and survival. Cancer Biology and Therapy, 7(9), 1441-1449.