Effects of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine treatment and feeding regimen on rat colonic epithelial cell proliferation

David W. Heitman, Barry G. Grubbs, Teri O. Heitman, Ivan L. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that 1,2-dimethylhydrazine dihydrochloride (DMH) induces preneo-plasia in rat colonic epithelium and that this DMH-altered epithelium will respond differently to various nutritional challenges in comparison to normal colonic epithelium. Preneoplasia was arbitrarily defined as an altered and irreversible state of colonic epithelial cell proliferation induced by a carcinogen (DMH). In summary, DMH was found to be specific for the enhancement of rat colonic epithelial cell proliferation compared to other rapidly renewing cell populations, i.e., ileal epithelium and ear epidermis. DMH-induced changes in rat colonic epithelial cell proliferation and crypt cellularity were found to be irreversible following a 2- to 8-week recovery period. The p.o. administration of the solid and liquid diets, regardless of chemical constituents, supported a DMH-induced increase in colonic epithelial cell proliferation; however, a DMH-induced increase in epithelial cell proliferation was not observed in rats maintained on total parenteral nutrition. Thus, the route of administration has a significant influence on epithelial cell proliferation in colonic epithelium of DMH-treated rats. The importance of these results, along with previous studies, is the establishment and initial characterization of an exploitable preneoplastic system in rat colonic epithelium. Particularly revealing was the finding that significant changes in crypt kinetic parameters induced by DMH treatment did not revert to control values following a 2- to 8-week recovery period. Based on an altered and irreversible state of colonic epithelial cell proliferation induced by DMH, it is concluded that: (a) the preneoplastic state is a committed state and is not dependent upon the continued presence of the carcinogen; and (b) all cryptal epithelium is preneoplastic, although not all cells progress to the overtly transformed state. In addition, total parenteral nutrition prevented the expression of a DMH-induced preneoplastic state of altered epithelial cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1153-1162
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume43
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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