Effectiveness of S-PRG filler-containing toothpaste in inhibiting demineralization of human tooth surface

Bennett T. Amaechi, Hariyali Kasundra, Deepika Joshi, Azadeh Abdollahi, Parveez A.A. Azees, Linda O. Okoye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Using an established pH-cycling caries model, the authors evaluated the effectiveness of toothpastes containing Surface Pre-reacted Glass-ionomer filler (S-PRG) in preventing tooth surface demineralization. Materials and Methods: 210 tooth blocks were randomly assigned to seven experimental groups (30 blocks/group): no treatment (A), and toothpaste containing either NaF (B), 0 wt% S-PRG (C), 1 wt% S-PRG (D), 5 wt% S-PRG (E), 20 wt% S-PRG (F) or 30 wt% S-PRG (G). Groups were subjected to 14-day demineralization for development of early caries lesions using a pH-cycling caries model. Demineralization was assessed using Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF) and Transverse Microradiography (TMR). All pairwise contrasts (between treatments) were tested using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and then Tukey’s HSD for multiple comparisons. All p-values are considered significant if <0.05. Results: With QLF, there was a significant (ANOVA; p<0.001) difference in mean percent fluorescence loss (∆F) observed among the groups. Relative to control, all S-PRG-containing toothpastes significantly (Tukey’s; p<0.0001) inhibited demineralization at varying percentages (48.6%, 61.3%, 67.4% and 69.8% reduction with S-PRG 1%, 5%, 20% and 30% respectively). Demineralization reduction was not significant with either NaF (15.6% reduction) or 0% S-PRG (-2.5% reduction i.e. 2.5% more demineralization than the Control) when compared to control group. Mineral loss assessed using TMR followed a similar trend as fluorescence loss. Conclusion: Toothpaste containing S-PRG filler can serve as an effective caries control tool. S-PRG filler-containing dentifrice to be more effective in preventing tooth demineralization than 1100 ppm fluoride provided as sodium fluoride.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-820
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Dentistry Journal
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Caries prevention
  • Demineralization
  • Dentifrice
  • Fluoride
  • Ion-releasing
  • S-PRG filler
  • Surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer filler
  • Toothpaste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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