Effect of yoga on arrhythmia burden, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: The YOGA my heart study

Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Donita Atkins, Jayasree Pillarisetti, Kay Ryschon, Sudharani Bommana, Jeanne Drisko, Subbareddy Vanga, Buddhadeb Dawn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of yoga on atrial fibrillation (AF) burden, quality of life (QoL), depression, and anxiety scores. Background: Yoga is known to have significant benefit on cardiovascular health. The effect of yoga in reducing AF burden is unknown. Methods: This single-center, pre-post study enrolled patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF with an initial 3-month noninterventional observation period followed by twice-weekly 60-min yoga training for next 3 months. AF episodes during the control and study periods as well as SF-36, Zung self-rated anxiety, and Zung self-rated depression scores at baseline, before, and after the study phase were assessed. Results: Yoga training reduced symptomatic AF episodes (3.8 ± 3 vs. 2.1 ± 2.6, p < 0.001), symptomatic non-AF episodes (2.9 ± 3.4 vs. 1.4 ± 2.0; p < 0.001), asymptomatic AF episodes (0.12 ± 0.44 vs. 0.04 ± 0.20; p < 0.001), and depression and anxiety (p < 0.001), and improved the QoL parameters of physical functioning, general health, vitality, social functioning, and mental health domains on SF-36 (p = 0.017, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.019, and p < 0.001, respectively). There was significant decrease in heart rate, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after yoga (p < 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with paroxysmal AF, yoga improves symptoms, arrhythmia burden, heart rate, blood pressure, anxiety and depression scores, and several domains of QoL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1177-1182
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2013

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia burden
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Quality of life
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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