Effect of Postural Hypotension on Recurrent Stroke: Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes (SPS3) Study

Tapan Mehta, Leslie A. McClure, Carole L. White, Addison Taylor, Oscar R. Benavente, Kamakshi Lakshminarayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) has been independently associated with increased risk of stroke and other cardiovascular events. We sought to investigate the relationship between OH at follow-up and recurrent stroke risk in SPS3 (Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes) trial patient cohort. This is a retrospective cohort analysis. Methods: We included all SPS3 trial participants with blood pressure measurements in both sitting and standing position per protocol at baseline, with at least 1 follow-up visit to establish the relationship between OH at follow-up and recurrent stroke risk (primary outcome). Secondary outcomes included major vascular events, myocardial infarction, all-cause mortality, and, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke subtypes. Participants were classified as having OH at baseline and at each follow-up visit based on a systolic BP decline ≥20 mm Hg or a diastolic BP decline ≥10 mm Hg on position change from sitting to standing. We used Cox proportional hazards regression modeling to compare the risk of outcomes among those with and without OH. Results: A total of 2275 patients were included with a mean follow up time 3.2 years (standard deviation = 1.6 years). 39% (881/2275) had OH at some point during their follow-up. Of these, 41% (366/881) had orthostatic symptoms accompanying the BP drop. In a fully adjusted model, those with OH had a 1.8 times higher risk of recurrent stroke than those without OH (95% confidence interval: 1.1-3.0). The risk of ischemic stroke, major vascular events, and all-cause mortality was similarly elevated among the OH group. Conclusion: OH was associated with increased recurrent stroke risk, vascular events, and all-cause death in this large cohort of lacunar stroke patients. Whether minimizing OH in the management of poststroke hypertension in patients with lacunar stroke reduces recurrent stroke risk deserves further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2124-2131
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Recurrent stroke
  • hypertension
  • orthostatic hypotension
  • small sub-cortical strokes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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