Effect of post-myocardial infarction exercise training on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and cardiac function

Wenhan Wan, Anthony S. Powers, Ji Li, Lisa Ji, John M. Erikson, John Q. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

After a myocardial infarction (MI), the injured heart undergoes intensive remodeling characterized by activation of the circulating renin-angiotensin- aldosterone system (RAAS), left ventricular (LV) dilation, and contractile dysfunction. Exercise training may attenuate activation of the RAAS and improve myocardial remodeling. In this study, we investigated whether starting exercise training early or late after MI would have different effect on circulating RAAS and LV dilation and function. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (7 weeks old) underwent surgically induced MI. After surgery, rats were matched for similar infarct sizes and assigned into two major groups, based on the designated starting time of exercise training. Exercise groups started exercise at either 1 or 6 weeks after MI and exercised on a treadmill for 8 weeks. Groups starting exercise 1 week after MI included sham-operated control (1Wk-Sham), MI-ksedentary (1Wk-MI-Sed), and MI-exercise (1Wk-MI-Ex). Groups starting exercise 6 weeks after MI included sham-operated control (6Wk-Sham), MI-sedentary (6Wk-MI-Sed), and MI-exercise (6Wk-MI-Ex). An echocardiogram was performed before and after exercise training. Blood samples were obtained at the end of experiments. The results showed that compared with sedentary rats with MI, exercise training significantly attenuated circulating renin, angiotensin converting enzyme, angiotensin II, and aldosterone. Rats in exercise groups had similar LV end-diastolic diameters compared with their sedentary counterparts and tended to have smaller LV end-systolic diameters, and percent fractional shortening in exercise rats was significantly higher than in sedentary rats. These findings suggest that exercise training does not cause LV dilation and preserves LV function. Post-MI exercise training also normalizes the circulating RAAS, and this effect is independent of timing of post-MI exercise. Exercise starting early or late after MI affects myocardial remodeling and function similarly, suggesting that early exercise training may attenuate activation of the RAAS and preserve cardiac function early after MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume334
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Exercise training
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial remodeling
  • Rat
  • Reninangiotensin-aldosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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