Effect of melatonin on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in L-NAME-Induced hypertension

Fedor Simko, Tomas Baka, Kristina Krajcirovicova, Kristina Repova, Silvia Aziriova, Stefan Zorad, Marko Poglitsch, Michaela Adamcova, Russel J. Reiter, Ludovit Paulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a dominant player in several cardiovascular pathologies. This study investigated whether alterations induced by L-NAME, (NLG)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, and the protective effect of melatonin are associated with changes in the RAAS. Four groups of 3-month-old male Wistar rats (n = 10) were treated as follows for four weeks: untreated controls, rats treated with melatonin (10 mg/kg/day), rats treated with L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day), and rats treated with L-NAME + melatonin. L-NAME administration led to hypertension and left ventricular (LV) fibrosis in terms of enhancement of soluble, insoluble and total collagen concentration and content. Melatonin reduced systolic blood pressure enhancement and lowered the concentration and content of insoluble and total collagen in the LV. The serum concentration of angiotensin (Ang) 1–8 (Ang II) and its downstream metabolites were reduced in the L-NAME group and remained unaltered by melatonin. The serum aldosterone level and its ratio to Ang II (AA2-ratio) were increased in the L-NAME group without being modified by melatonin. We conclude that L-NAME-hypertension is associated with reduced level of Ang II and its downstream metabolites and increased aldosterone concentration and AA2-ratio. Melatonin exerts its protective effect in L-NAME-induced hypertension without affecting RAAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number265
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Aldosterone
  • Angiotensin 1–7
  • Angiotensin II
  • Fibrosis
  • L-NAME
  • Melatonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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