Effect of Insulin on High-Glucose Medium-Induced Changes in Rat Glomerular Epithelial Cell Metabolism of Glycoconjugates

B. S. Kasinath, William C. Terhune, Rolando Maldonado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously reported that incubation of rat glomerular epithelial cells in vitro for 8 days with 30 mM glucose without insulin results in reduction in the synthesis of a cell layer heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) species that has hydrodynamic size and antigenic characteristics of glomerular basement membrane HSPG (1994, Arch. Biochem. Biophys 309, 149-159). In these studies, reduction in HSPG synthesis could be attributed either to high-glucose medium or to insulin deficiency. In this study we investigated the effects of insulin replacement on changes in glomerular epithelial cell metabolism of glycoconjugates induced by high-glucose medium. Addition of pharmacologic concentrations of insulin prevented the following changes induced by 30 mM glucose: (a) increment in 35SO4 incorporation into macromolecules in cell layer and medium, (b) increment in the synthesis of low anionic macromolecules, probably glycoproteins, in both cell layer and medium, (c) increment in synthesis of small-sized glycosaminoglycans (Kav 0.75 on Sephrose CL-4B) associated with the cell layer. Insulin was unable to correct the 30 mM glucose-induced reduction in the synthesis of cell layer HSPG that resembles glomerular basement membrane HSPG. Physiologic concentrations of insulin did not affect any of the changes in glycopeptide metabolism induced by 30 mM glucose, These findings suggest that (a) inhibition of glomerular epithelial cell synthesis of 35SO4-labeled low anionic macromolecules, probably glycoproteins, may be involved in insulin-induced reversal of glomerular hypertrophy seen in early diabetes, and (b) mechanisms other than insulin lack are involved in reduction in the synthesis of glomerular basement membrane HSPG in diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-294
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume318
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 1995

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Insulin
  • Proteoglycans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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