The role of surgery in small-cell carcinoma of the lung (SCCL) has been recently re-evaluated. We reviewed the records of 262 patients with limited SCCL on Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) protocol 7628. Fifteen patients were identified who presented after surgical resection (12 lobectomy, 3 pneumonectomy). All patients were subsequently treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy ± immunotherapy (BCG). Median survival time was 10.5 months. Median survival time of patients with initial surgical resection was 25 months (P = .004). Forty-five percent of the surgical patients were alive at 2 years v 13.7% of the nonsurgical patients (P < .05). A second subgroup of 33 patients was identified with small primary tumors who did not undergo surgical resection. Median survival time in this group was 10 months (P = .03). Site of initial relapse was clearly documented in 142 patients. Fifty-six percent of patients not receiving surgery had initial relapse within the chest compared to 13% of patients undergoing surgery (P = .002). Whether the survival benefit identified was caused by or was incidental to surgical resection of the primary lesion remains to be determined in randomized prospective trials of operable candidates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research