Liver-purified insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (IRTK) activity was examined in partially pancreatectomized rats following normalization of blood glucose concentration by either phlorizin or vanadate treatment. Chronic moderate hyperglycemia did not modify the IRTK activity, despite the presence of in vivo and in uitro insulin resistance. Oral vanadate administration for 3 weeks normalized glucose tolerance and caused a 2.5-fold increase in basal IRTK activity. In contrast, correction of hyperglycemia with phlorizin, an inhibitor of renal glucose reabsorption, did not change the IRTK activity, although glucose tolerance was returned to normal. The vanadate-induced effect on basal IRTK was due to an increase in Vmnxof the enzyme; the Kmremained unchanged. The insulin-stimulated IRTK activity was not affected by either vanadate or phlorizin treatment. These results suggest that: 1) partial (90%) pancreatectomy in rats causes insulin resistance in the absence of in uitro alterations in IRTK and 2) correction of chronic hyperglycemia with vanadate, but not with phlorizin, is associated with an increased basal activation of the protein tyrosine kinase in liver insulin receptors.
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