Effect of FSH deprivation at specific times on follicular maturation in the bonnet monkey (Macaca radiata)

N. Ravindranath, C. S. Sheela Rani, F. Martin, N. R. Moudgal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Cyclic monkeys were deprived of FSH for specific periods on different days of the follicular phase by injecting them with minimal doses of an FSH antiserum characterized for specificity and bioneutralizing ability. The effect of the antiserum on follicular maturation was assessed by determining (a) serum oestrogen concentrations through the midcycle period, (b) serum progesterone concentrations as an index of ovulation and luteal function, (c) laparoscopic examination of the surface of the ovary when necessary, and (d) overall cycle length. While antiserum injection on Day 5 of the cycle caused delay in the oestrogen surge from Days 9 to 11, injection on Day 6 led to the occurrence of two oestrogen surges, on Days 9 and 14. Laparoscopic examination showed that the earlier follicle had disappeared and a new follicle had appeared by Day 14. Antiserum injection on Day 7 of the cycle arrested further growth of the maturing follicle, but a new follicle appeared 9 days later, as indicated by a surge of oestrogen on Day 16. Injection of antiserum beyond Day 7 had no effect on follicular development ovulation and luteal function. These observations suggest that the mature follicle becomes relatively independent of FSH support about 48 h before ovulation and this event could be a marker for follicular dominance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-241
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of reproduction and fertility
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology


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