Effect of fish oil on offensive and defensive factors in gastric ulceration in rats

A. Bhattacharya, S. Ghosal, S. K. Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of fish oil (FO) derived from Scomberoides commersonianus containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids was studied on gastric ulcers and as well as on offensive and defensive factors in gastric mucosal damage, following experimental gastric ulceration. FO significantly reduced the severity of ulceration in gastric ulcers induced by aspirin, cold-restraint stress (CRS), alcohol, and pylorus ligation. The results also indicated the potentiality of FO in maintaining the integrity of gastric mucosa by virtue of its effect on both offensive and defensive gastric mucosal factors. It decreased the offensive acid-pepsin secretion and augmented the defensive factors like mucin secretion, cellular mucus and life span of mucosal cells following pylorus ligation. FO significantly increased activity of anti-oxidant enzymes (catalase and glutathione peroxidase) and decreased lipid peroxidation in gastric mucosa of CRS rats. The study indicates the beneficial role of FO in gastric ulceration by inhibition of offensive mucosal factors and oxidative stress, and augmentation of defensive mucosal factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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