Effect of Exercise Training on the Mental and Physical Well-Being of Caregivers for Persons Living With Chronic Illnesses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Fayron Epps, Helen To, Tao Tony Liu, Asmita Karanjit, Gordon Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increased demands associated with caregiving may lead to deleterious physical and mental health outcomes. Caregiving has proven to have consequences that affect both physical and psychological well-being. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effects of exercise training on the mental and physical health of caregivers for persons living with chronic illnesses. A systematic review following the Prisma methodology was performed searching eight databases. Thirteen out of 1,632 screened studies were included for analysis. The standardized mean difference was used as the effect size (ES) and was calculated such that a positive ES indicated efficacy of exercise training for improving health. Overall, the meta-analysis yielded a statistically significant and small-to-medium ES (overall ES = 0.30; 95% confidence interval = [0.08, 0.52]; p =.007). Our analysis supports exercise training to improve the mental and physical health of family caregivers of persons living with chronic illnesses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-27
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • caregiving
  • health outcomes
  • mental health
  • physical activity
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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