Effect of exercise training on peak oxygen consumption in patients with cancer: A meta-analysis

Lee W. Jones, Yuanyuan Liang, Edith N. Pituskin, Claudio L. Battaglini, Jessica M. Scott, Whitney E. Hornsby, Mark Haykowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the effects of supervised exercise training on peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) in adults with cancer. Methods. A literature review using Ovid MEDLINE (1950-2010), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1991-2010), AMED (1985-2010), Embase (1988-2010), PubMed (1966-2010), Scopus (1950-2010), and Web of Science (1950-2010) was performed to identify randomized controlled trials examining the effects of supervised exercise training on measurement of VO2peak (via gas exchange analysis) in adults with cancer. Studies were selected using predetermined criteria, and two independent reviewers extracted data. Weighted mean differences (WMDs) were calculated using random effect models. Results. Six studies evaluated VO2peak involving a total of 571 adult cancer patients (exercise, n-344; usual care control, n- 227). Pooled data indicated that exercise training was associated with a statistically significant increase in VO2peak (WMD, 2.90 ml·kg-1·min-1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-4.64); however, significant heterogeneity was evident in this estimate (I2, 87%). Usual care (control) was associated with a significant decline in VO2peak from baseline to post intervention (WMD,-1.02 ml·kg-1·min-1; 95% CI,-1.46 to-0.58; I2, 22%). Sensitivity analyses indicated superior improvements in VO2peak for studies conducted for a shorter duration (<4 months) and following the completion of adjuvant therapy (p-values <.001). Exercise training was not associated with a higher incidence of adverse events, although safety was not rigorously monitored or reported. Conclusions. Supervised exercise training is associated with significant improvements in VO2peak following a diagnosis of early-stage cancer, with minimal adverse events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalOncologist
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Aerobic capacity
  • Aerobic training
  • Peak oxygen consumption
  • Randomized controlled trials
  • Resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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