Effect of ethanol and of noise on reaction time in the monkey: Variation with stimulus level

David B. Moody, Gail Winger, James H. Woods, William C. Stebbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether the latency-increasing effects of ethanol were differential with respect to the intensity of the stimulus that initiated the response, three rhesus monkeys were trained on a behavioral task in which the latency of a simple motor response was measured following the onset of a pure tone stimulus. Following training, the animals were tested at a number of different tone intensities and functions relating latency to tone intensity were constructed. When these were stable, the animals were given ethanol in doses of 1.0-2.5 g/kg and the effects on response latencies to different tone intensities were determined. It was found that, for all except the lowest stimulus levels, the effect of ethanol was dose-related, while for a given dose the effect was equal across intensity. These results indicate that the effects of ethanol in this situation are on response execution rather than stimulus detection. The effects of ethanol were compared to those of exposure to high intensity noise. This treatment, which affects primarily the inner ear, resulted in substantial increases in latency to low intensity tones, but little, if any, shift at high intensities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1980

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Ethanol
  • Latency
  • Noise
  • Reaction time
  • Rhesus monkeys
  • Stimulus intensity
  • Stimulus level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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