Effect of dietary restriction on the age-dependent changes in the expression of antioxidant enzymes in rat liver

G. Rao, E. Xia, M. J. Nadakavukaren, A. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of aging and dietary restriction on the expression of several enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) that are involved in free radical detoxification were studied in liver tissue from male Fischer F344 rats. The expression (i.e., activities and mRNA levels) of superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn) and catalase decreased with age in liver. Dietary restriction (40% restriction of energy intake) increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (24 to 38%) and catalase (64 to 75%) in liver at 21 and 28 mo of age. Glutathione peroxidase activity in liver of diet-restricted rats was significantly higher (37%) at 28 mo of age than that of rats fed ad libitum. The age-related changes in the relative levels of mRNA for superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase paralleled the changes in the activities of these enzymes in rats fed ad libitum or rats fed the restricted diet. Thus, the changes in the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase with age and dietary restriction appear to arise from changes in the levels of mRNAs coding for these enzymes. Free radical damage, as measured by thiobarbituric acid-reactive material and lipofuscin accumulation, was lower in diet-restricted rats than in rats fed ad libitum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume120
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

Keywords

  • aging
  • catalase
  • glutathione peroxidase
  • rats
  • superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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