Effect of clinical events on plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in persons with CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts of more than 500 x 106 cells/l

Louisa E. Chapman, Timothy A. Green, Farhad Ahmed, Bharat S. Parekh, David Rimland, Jonathan E. Kaplan, Melanie A. Thompson, Thomas M. Folks

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    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: Immune stimulation of CD4 lymphocytes is thought to enhance HIV-1 replication in vivo. Therefore, we sought to define the impact of clinical events identified as putative immune activators on the variability of plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in persons with CD4 cell counts greater than 500 x 106 cells/l. Design: We prospectively recorded clinical events and measured plasma HIV-1 RNA levels weekly for 24 weeks in 16 HIV-1-infected adults who were not receiving antiretroviral therapy and who had CD4 cell counts greater than 500 x 106 cells/l. Methods: Standard weekly interviews were conducted to capture potential immune activators (e.g., infections, immunizations, and allergic reactions). All plasma HIV-1 RNA levels were measured using the Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor assay (Roche Diagnostics, Branchburg, New jersey, USA) according to the manufacturer's instructions. Results: Participants had remarkably stable viral loads during the 6 month study period. Infections were significantly more frequent during the 7 days prior to individual HIV-1 RNA measurements that exceeded the assay variation thresholds determined for this study (± 0.324 log) than during the comparable time periods preceding stable measurements (P = 0.023). As a group, the eight participants who had one to four HIV-1 RNA measurements that exceeded the thresholds experienced more infections and declining CD4 cell counts over the study course compared to the eight participants whose measurements all fell within the thresholds (P = 0.058 and 0.053 respectively). Conclusions: Our study suggests that in untreated HIV-1-infected persons with CD4 cell count greater than 500 x 106 cells/l, viral load is generally quite stable, although acute minor infections are associated with transient fluctuations generally lasting no more than 1 week. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1135-1146
    Number of pages12
    JournalAIDS
    Volume14
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 12 2000

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    Keywords

    • HIV-1 infection
    • Immune activation
    • Immunizations
    • Infections
    • Plasma viral load

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology
    • Infectious Diseases

    Cite this

    Chapman, L. E., Green, T. A., Ahmed, F., Parekh, B. S., Rimland, D., Kaplan, J. E., Thompson, M. A., & Folks, T. M. (2000). Effect of clinical events on plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in persons with CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts of more than 500 x 106 cells/l. AIDS, 14(9), 1135-1146. https://doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200006160-00010