Effect of chronic administration of antidepressants on α2-adrenoceptors in the locus coeruleus and its projection fields in rat brain determined by quantitative autoradiography

Gyula B. Kovachich, Alan Frazer, Carl E. Aronson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The density of α2-adrenoceptors, using 3H-idazoxan as the radioligand, was determined by quantitative autoradiography in the locus coeruleus and in 13 noradrenergic projection fields following chronic administration of drugs acting on noradrenergic and/or serotonergic neurons. Protriptyline, an inhibitor of the uptake of norepinephrine, and mianserin, an α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan only in the locus coeruleus. Phenelzine, an inhibitor of both type A and type B monoamine oxidase (MAO), reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus and in several areas with noradrenergic innervation from tegmental cell bodies. Clorgyline, a selective inhibitor of type A MAO, had no effect. Of the two selective inhibitors of serotonin uptake, citalopram caused a modest increase in binding only in one terminal field area, whereas sertraline had no effect. Although these antidepressants did not produce consistent effects on α2-adrenoceptors, protriptyline, mianserin, and phenelzine were similar in that they all decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus without widely affecting its binding in the coerulean terminal fields. Deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of type B MAO, the only drug in this study without proven antidepressant efficacy, differed from all other drugs in that it decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan both in the locus coeruleus as well as in most terminal fields with primarily coerulean noradrenergic innervation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Idazoxan
Locus Coeruleus
Autoradiography
Adrenergic Receptors
Antidepressive Agents
Monoamine Oxidase
Protriptyline
Phenelzine
Mianserin
Brain
Clorgyline
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Selegiline
Serotonergic Neurons
Sertraline
Adrenergic Neurons
Citalopram
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Norepinephrine

Keywords

  • α-adrenoceptors
  • H-Idazoxan
  • Locus coeruleus: Antidepressants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Effect of chronic administration of antidepressants on α2-adrenoceptors in the locus coeruleus and its projection fields in rat brain determined by quantitative autoradiography",
abstract = "The density of α2-adrenoceptors, using 3H-idazoxan as the radioligand, was determined by quantitative autoradiography in the locus coeruleus and in 13 noradrenergic projection fields following chronic administration of drugs acting on noradrenergic and/or serotonergic neurons. Protriptyline, an inhibitor of the uptake of norepinephrine, and mianserin, an α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan only in the locus coeruleus. Phenelzine, an inhibitor of both type A and type B monoamine oxidase (MAO), reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus and in several areas with noradrenergic innervation from tegmental cell bodies. Clorgyline, a selective inhibitor of type A MAO, had no effect. Of the two selective inhibitors of serotonin uptake, citalopram caused a modest increase in binding only in one terminal field area, whereas sertraline had no effect. Although these antidepressants did not produce consistent effects on α2-adrenoceptors, protriptyline, mianserin, and phenelzine were similar in that they all decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus without widely affecting its binding in the coerulean terminal fields. Deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of type B MAO, the only drug in this study without proven antidepressant efficacy, differed from all other drugs in that it decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan both in the locus coeruleus as well as in most terminal fields with primarily coerulean noradrenergic innervation.",
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AU - Aronson, Carl E.

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N2 - The density of α2-adrenoceptors, using 3H-idazoxan as the radioligand, was determined by quantitative autoradiography in the locus coeruleus and in 13 noradrenergic projection fields following chronic administration of drugs acting on noradrenergic and/or serotonergic neurons. Protriptyline, an inhibitor of the uptake of norepinephrine, and mianserin, an α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan only in the locus coeruleus. Phenelzine, an inhibitor of both type A and type B monoamine oxidase (MAO), reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus and in several areas with noradrenergic innervation from tegmental cell bodies. Clorgyline, a selective inhibitor of type A MAO, had no effect. Of the two selective inhibitors of serotonin uptake, citalopram caused a modest increase in binding only in one terminal field area, whereas sertraline had no effect. Although these antidepressants did not produce consistent effects on α2-adrenoceptors, protriptyline, mianserin, and phenelzine were similar in that they all decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus without widely affecting its binding in the coerulean terminal fields. Deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of type B MAO, the only drug in this study without proven antidepressant efficacy, differed from all other drugs in that it decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan both in the locus coeruleus as well as in most terminal fields with primarily coerulean noradrenergic innervation.

AB - The density of α2-adrenoceptors, using 3H-idazoxan as the radioligand, was determined by quantitative autoradiography in the locus coeruleus and in 13 noradrenergic projection fields following chronic administration of drugs acting on noradrenergic and/or serotonergic neurons. Protriptyline, an inhibitor of the uptake of norepinephrine, and mianserin, an α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan only in the locus coeruleus. Phenelzine, an inhibitor of both type A and type B monoamine oxidase (MAO), reduced the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus and in several areas with noradrenergic innervation from tegmental cell bodies. Clorgyline, a selective inhibitor of type A MAO, had no effect. Of the two selective inhibitors of serotonin uptake, citalopram caused a modest increase in binding only in one terminal field area, whereas sertraline had no effect. Although these antidepressants did not produce consistent effects on α2-adrenoceptors, protriptyline, mianserin, and phenelzine were similar in that they all decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan in the locus coeruleus without widely affecting its binding in the coerulean terminal fields. Deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of type B MAO, the only drug in this study without proven antidepressant efficacy, differed from all other drugs in that it decreased the binding of 3H-idazoxan both in the locus coeruleus as well as in most terminal fields with primarily coerulean noradrenergic innervation.

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