Effect of cataract surgery and intraocular lenses on diabetic retinopathy

Mitchell L. Levin, Marilyn C. Kincaid, Clayton W. Eifler, Jean E. Holt, James W. Speights, Patrick S. O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reviewed a series of 137 cataract extractions with intraoculai lenses (IOLs) in patients with diabetes mellitus between 1977 anc 1983. All patients were followed for an average of 36 months tc determine if they subsequently showed progression of diabetic retinopathy. Divided into groups according to the type of procedur( and IOL received, they were compared for age, sex, duration of diabetes, treatment required for the diabetes, intraoperative complications, and follow-up period. Patients who had intracapsular cataract extractions with anterior chamber IOLs were three times w likely to show proliferative retinopathy as those who had extracap ular cataract extractions with posterior chamber IOLs. Insulindependent patients were three to four times more likely to show progression to proliferation than noninsulin dependent patients. We conclude that, while some procedures are riskier for the diabetic eye, extracapsular lens extraction with implantation of a posterior chamber lens does not imply an increased risk of development of proliferative retinopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-649
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

Keywords

  • cataract extraction
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • intmocular lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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