The dependence of microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase) activity on Ca2+ as well as the membrane lipid microviscosity was studied by the effect of Ca(2+)-channel blockers (namely verapamil and nifedipine), Ca(2+)-ionophore, A23187 and pyrene excimer formation. Channel blockers depressed the G-6-Pase and Ca(2+)-ATPase while the ionophore increased these activities. Dimethyl sulfoxide, a known membrane surface active agent showed no change. Ca(2+)-uptake into the membrane has expectedly been lowered by the channel blockers while the ionophores facilitated the ion flux. Excimer formation of the fluorescent probe, pyrene as an indicator of increased membrane fluidity, and microviscosity calculated from there on, showed that Ca(2+)- and lipid microenvironment in the membrane significantly influenced the activity of G-6-Pase. Membrane lipid composition such as phospholipid/cholesterol molar ratio which also indicates an increased membrane fluidity is markedly increased with the ionophore but decreased with the channel blockers, while protein/phospholipid ratio remained unchanged. Microsomal G-6-Pase is a multicomponent multifunctional protein. It is argued that Ca2+ may play the role of an obligatory cofactor not only for the hydrolysis of G-6-P (catalytic part of the enzyme) but also involved in the regulation of substrate and product transport in or out of the endoplasmic reticulum lumen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Indian journal of biochemistry & biophysics|
|State||Published - Oct 1995|
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