Effect of antifungal treatment in a diet-based murine model of disseminated candidiasis acquired via the gastrointestinal tract

David Kadosh, Laura K. Najvar, Rosie Bocanegra, Marcos Olivo, William R. Kirkpatrick, Nathan P. Wiederhold, Thomas F. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candida albicans, normally found as a commensal in the gut, is a major human fungal pathogen responsible for both mucosal and systemic infections in a wide variety of immunocompromised individuals, including cancer patients and organ transplant recipients. The gastrointestinal tract represents a major portal of entry for the establishment of disseminated candidiasis in many of these individuals. Here we report the development of a diet-based mouse model for disseminated candidiasis acquired via the gastrointestinal tract. Using this model, as well as an appropriate immunosuppression regimen, we demonstrate that dissemination of C. albicans from the gastrointestinal tract can result in mortality within 30 days postinfection. We also show a significant increase in fungal burden in systemic organs, but not gastrointestinal tract organs, upon immunosuppression. Importantly, we demonstrate that the administration of two widely used antifungals, fluconazole and caspofungin, either pre-or postimmunosuppression, significantly reduces fungal burdens. This model should prove to be of significant value for testing the ability of both established and experimental therapeutics to inhibit C. albicans dissemination from the gastrointestinal tract in an immunocompromised host as well as the subsequent mortality that can result from disseminated candidiasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6703-6708
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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