Eating high-fat chow enhances sensitization to the effects of methamphetamine on locomotion in rats

Blaine A. McGuire, Michelle G. Baladi, Charles P. France

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eating high-fat chow can modify the effects of drugs acting directly or indirectly on dopamine systems and repeated intermittent drug administration can markedly increase sensitivity (i.e., sensitization) to the behavioral effects of indirect-acting dopamine receptor agonists (e.g., methamphetamine). This study examined whether eating high-fat chow alters the sensitivity of male Sprague Dawley rats to the locomotor stimulating effects of acute or repeated administration of methamphetamine. The acute effects of methamphetamine on locomotion were not different between rats (n = 6/group) eating high-fat or standard chow for 1 or 4 weeks. Sensitivity to the effects of methamphetamine (0.1-10 mg/kg, i.p.) increased progressively across 4 once per week tests; this sensitization developed more rapidly and to a greater extent in rats eating high-fat chow as compared with rats eating standard chow. Thus, while eating high-fat chow does not appear to alter sensitivity of rats to acutely-administered methamphetamine, it significantly increases the sensitization that develops to repeated intermittent administration of methamphetamine. These data suggest that eating certain foods influences the development of sensitization to drugs acting on dopamine systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-159
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume658
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2011

Keywords

  • High-fat chow
  • Locomotor activity
  • Methamphetamine
  • Rat
  • Sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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