Early psychiatric morbidity in a Brazilian sample of acute ischemic stroke patients

Vinicius S.P. Pedroso, Andre R. Brunoni, Érica L.M. Vieira, Ricardo E. Jorge, Edward C. Lauterbach, Antonio L. Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Stroke is a major public health problem worldwide, and its neuropsychiatric sequelae are frequent and disabling. Furthermore, there is evidence that these sequelae impair recovery. Brazil has the highest stroke rates in Latin America, but data on the frequency of neuropsychiatric disorders in these patients are scarce. This study aimed to identify mental disorders among in-hospital patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus (MINI-Plus) was applied to 60 patients during the first week of hospitalization. RESULTS: Psychiatric disorders were diagnosed in 55% of the patients. A wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders have been identified, mainly mood and anxiety disorders. Specifically, we identified major depression (26.7%), alcohol abuse or dependence (11.7%), specific phobia (8.3%), generalized anxiety disorder (6.7%), psychosis (5.0%), social phobia (3.3%), adjustment disorder (3.3%) and panic disorder (1.7%). CONCLUSION: Psychiatric comorbidity should be evaluated as part of the rehabilitation of stroke patients and should be carefully examined by physicians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere55
JournalClinics
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Neuropsychiatry
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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