Background: In pediatric tumor xenograft models, tumor-derived insulin growth factor (IGF-2) results in intrinsic resistance to IGF-IR-targeted antibodies, maintaining continued tumor angiogenesis. We evaluated the antiangiogenic activity of a ligand-binding antibody (MEDI-573) alone or in combination with IGF-I receptor binding antibodies (MAB391, CP01-B02). Methods: IGF-stimulated signaling was monitored by increased Akt phosphorylation in sarcoma and human umbilical cord vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC). Angiogenesis was determined in vitro using capillary tube formation in HUVECs and in vivo using a VEGF-stimulated Matrigel assay. Tumor growth delay was examined in 4 sarcoma xenograft models. Results: The IGF ligand-binding antibody MEDI-573 suppressed Akt phosphorylation induced by exogenous IGF-I and IGF-2 in sarcoma cells. Receptor-binding antibodies suppressed IGF-I stimulation of Akt phosphorylation, but IGF-2 circumvented this effect and maintained HUVEC tube formation. MEDI-573 inhibited HUVEC proliferation and tube formation in vitro, but did not inhibit angiogenesis in vivo, probably because MEDI-573 binds murine IGF-I with low affinity. However, in vitro antiangiogenic activity of MEDI-573 was also circumvented by human recombinant IGF-I. The combination of receptor- and ligand-binding antibodies completely suppressed VEGF-stimulated proliferation of HUVECs in the presence of IGF-I and IGF-2, prevented ligand-induced phosphorylation of IGF-IR/IR receptors, and suppressed VEGF/IGF-2-driven angiogenesis in vivo . The combination of CP1-BO2 plus MEDI-573 was significantly superior to therapy with either antibody alone against IGF-I and IGF-2 secreting pediatric sarcoma xenograft models. Conclusions: These results suggest that combination of antibodies targeting IGF receptor and ligands may be an effective therapeutic strategy to block angiogenesis for IGF-driven tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research