Dual-Functional Antioxidant and Antiamyloid Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Fabricated by Controlled Synthesis in Water–Alcohol Solutions

Katarina Siposova, Veronika Huntosova, Ivana Garcarova, Yuliia Shlapa, Illia Timashkov, Anatolii Belous, Andrey Musatov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidative stress is known to be associated with a number of degenerative diseases. A better knowledge of the interplay between oxidative stress and amyloidogenesis is crucial for the understanding of both, aging and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs, nanoceria) due to their remarkable properties are perspective nanomaterials in the study of the processes accompanying oxidative-stress-related diseases, including amyloid-related pathologies. In the present work, we analyze the effects of CeO2 NPs of different sizes and Ce4+/Ce3+ ratios on the fibrillogenesis of insulin, SOD-like enzymatic activity, oxidative stress, biocompatibility, and cell metabolic activity. CeO2 NPs (marked as Ce1-Ce5) with controlled physical–chemical parameters, such as different sizes and various Ce4+/Ce3+ ratios, are synthesized by precipitation in water–alcohol solutions. All synthesized NPs are monodispersed and exhibit good stability in aqueous suspensions. ThT and ANS fluorescence assays and AFM are applied to monitor the insulin amyloid aggregation and antiamyloid aggregation activity of CeO2 NPs. The analyzed Ce1-Ce5 nanoparticles strongly inhibit the formation of insulin amyloid aggregates in vitro. The bioactivity is analyzed using SOD and MTT assays, Western blot, fluorescence microscopy, and flow cytometry. The antioxidative effects and bioactivity of nanoparticles are size-or valence-dependent. CeO2 NPs show great potential benefits for studying the interplay between oxidative stress and amyloid-related diseases, and can be used for verification of the role of oxidative stress in amyloid-related diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number942
JournalBiomedicines
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antiamyloid activity
  • bioactivity
  • cerium oxide nanoparticles
  • nanozymes
  • oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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