Drug utilization review of sedative/hypnotic agents in Texas Medicaid patients. Texas Medicaid Vendor Drug Program Drug Utilization Review Board.

J. K. Seltzer, T. L. Kurt, L. C. Knodel, B. Dean, C. Burch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To assess use of sedative/hypnotic agents in Texas Medicaid patients and evaluate practitioner receptiveness to intervention letters concerning sedative/hypnotic prescribing generated by the Texas Medicaid Drug Utilization Review (DUR) Board. DESIGN: Retrospective DUR. SETTING: Texas Medicaid retrospective DUR program. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: 244 Texas Medicaid patients and 291 Texas physicians. INTERVENTION: Patient profiles for Texas Medicaid patients were reviewed retrospectively to quantify sedative/hypnotic prescribing practices. Intervention letters were prepared and sent to physicians directly involved in the care of patients receiving excessive sedative/hypnotic therapy. Physician responses were categorized based on information presented in the intervention letter and circumstances surrounding the identified patient. Prescribing practices were assessed approximately 1 year after the intervention to determine the impact of intervention letters on prescribing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Physician response to intervention letter. RESULTS: Responses were received from 208 of 291 physicians (71.5%). Approximately 40% of physicians agreed in principle with the suggestions offered by the Texas Medicaid DUR Board to minimize chronic sedative/hypnotic use. Almost one-half of these physicians had discontinued sedative/hypnotic therapy for the identified patients 1 year after the intervention. Approximately 9% justified continued sedative/hypnotic use based on patient diagnosis or refractory response to treatment, and 55 physicians (26.4%) were unwilling to alter therapy because of patient-specific factors. CONCLUSION: Through the use of retrospective DUR, Texas Medicaid patients receiving excessive amounts of sedative/hypnotic agents were identified and improvements in sedative/hypnotic therapy were initiated. DUR can be useful not only in identifying problem areas, but also in encouraging physicians to modify prescribing practices through educational means.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-499
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington,D.C. : 1996)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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