Drug susceptibility of matrix-encapsulated Candida albicans nano-biofilms

Anand Srinivasan, Celia Macias Gupta, C. Mauli Agrawal, Kai P. Leung, Jose L. Lopez-Ribot, Anand K. Ramasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The rise in the use of biomedical devices and implants has seen a concomitant surge in the advent of device-related nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections of bacterial and fungal origins. The most common nosocomial fungal infection is candidiasis caused mainly by Candida albicans biofilms. Candidiasis is associated with an unacceptably high mortality rate, and there is an urgent need for the discovery of new antifungal drugs that prevent or control biofilm formation. To this end, we recently developed an ultra-high-throughput microarray platform consisting of nano-scale biofilms of C. albicans encapsulated in collagen or alginate hydrogel matrices for antifungal drug screening. Here, we report that the choice of matrix influences the apparent susceptibility of C. albicans to the common antifungal drugs, amphotericin B, and caspofungin. While amphotericin B is equally effective against biofilms grown in collagen and alginate matrices, caspofungin is effective only against biofilms grown only in alginate, but not in collagen. We demonstrate differences in the distribution of the drugs in the two matrices may contribute to the susceptibility of C. albicans nano-biofilms. In a larger context, our results highlight the importance of the choice of matrix as a parameter in 3D cell encapsulation, and suggest a screening strategy to predict drug performance in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-424
Number of pages7
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofilms
  • Candida albicans
  • Caspofungin
  • Drug screening
  • High-throughput
  • Hydrogels
  • Microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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