Drug-Injecting Street Youth: A Comparison of HIV-Risk Injection Behaviors between Needle Exchange Users and Nonusers

Michele D. Kipke, Jennifer B. Unger, Ray Palmer, Renee Edgington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injection drug use, the second most common risk factor associated with HIV infection in the United States after sexual transmission, is especially prevalent among street youth, many of whom routinely share their drug injection equipment. To prevent sharing behavior among street youth, a needle exchange program for youth was established in Hollywood, California. This study compared the drug use and needle-sharing behaviors of youth who were users of the needle exchange with those of youth who were not. Results indicate that while demographic characteristics and drug injection frequency were similar in the two groups, needle exchange users were significantly less likely to share needles, share other injection equipment, use other drugs to help them "come down," use unsterile needles when "high" or "craving" drugs, and report difficult access to sterile needles. These findings suggest that needle exchange programs may reduce needle-sharing behavior among street youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume1
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Homeless Youth
Risk-Taking
Needles
HIV
Injections
Needle-Exchange Programs
Needle Sharing
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Equipment and Supplies
HIV Infections
Demography

Keywords

  • HIV, street youth
  • Injection drug use
  • Needle exchange
  • Needle sharing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Drug-Injecting Street Youth : A Comparison of HIV-Risk Injection Behaviors between Needle Exchange Users and Nonusers. / Kipke, Michele D.; Unger, Jennifer B.; Palmer, Ray; Edgington, Renee.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1997, p. 225-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kipke, Michele D. ; Unger, Jennifer B. ; Palmer, Ray ; Edgington, Renee. / Drug-Injecting Street Youth : A Comparison of HIV-Risk Injection Behaviors between Needle Exchange Users and Nonusers. In: AIDS and Behavior. 1997 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 225-232.
@article{9e89f9f0afd54e75b479f31f7fd120dd,
title = "Drug-Injecting Street Youth: A Comparison of HIV-Risk Injection Behaviors between Needle Exchange Users and Nonusers",
abstract = "Injection drug use, the second most common risk factor associated with HIV infection in the United States after sexual transmission, is especially prevalent among street youth, many of whom routinely share their drug injection equipment. To prevent sharing behavior among street youth, a needle exchange program for youth was established in Hollywood, California. This study compared the drug use and needle-sharing behaviors of youth who were users of the needle exchange with those of youth who were not. Results indicate that while demographic characteristics and drug injection frequency were similar in the two groups, needle exchange users were significantly less likely to share needles, share other injection equipment, use other drugs to help them {"}come down,{"} use unsterile needles when {"}high{"} or {"}craving{"} drugs, and report difficult access to sterile needles. These findings suggest that needle exchange programs may reduce needle-sharing behavior among street youth.",
keywords = "HIV, street youth, Injection drug use, Needle exchange, Needle sharing",
author = "Kipke, {Michele D.} and Unger, {Jennifer B.} and Ray Palmer and Renee Edgington",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1",
pages = "225--232",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drug-Injecting Street Youth

T2 - A Comparison of HIV-Risk Injection Behaviors between Needle Exchange Users and Nonusers

AU - Kipke, Michele D.

AU - Unger, Jennifer B.

AU - Palmer, Ray

AU - Edgington, Renee

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Injection drug use, the second most common risk factor associated with HIV infection in the United States after sexual transmission, is especially prevalent among street youth, many of whom routinely share their drug injection equipment. To prevent sharing behavior among street youth, a needle exchange program for youth was established in Hollywood, California. This study compared the drug use and needle-sharing behaviors of youth who were users of the needle exchange with those of youth who were not. Results indicate that while demographic characteristics and drug injection frequency were similar in the two groups, needle exchange users were significantly less likely to share needles, share other injection equipment, use other drugs to help them "come down," use unsterile needles when "high" or "craving" drugs, and report difficult access to sterile needles. These findings suggest that needle exchange programs may reduce needle-sharing behavior among street youth.

AB - Injection drug use, the second most common risk factor associated with HIV infection in the United States after sexual transmission, is especially prevalent among street youth, many of whom routinely share their drug injection equipment. To prevent sharing behavior among street youth, a needle exchange program for youth was established in Hollywood, California. This study compared the drug use and needle-sharing behaviors of youth who were users of the needle exchange with those of youth who were not. Results indicate that while demographic characteristics and drug injection frequency were similar in the two groups, needle exchange users were significantly less likely to share needles, share other injection equipment, use other drugs to help them "come down," use unsterile needles when "high" or "craving" drugs, and report difficult access to sterile needles. These findings suggest that needle exchange programs may reduce needle-sharing behavior among street youth.

KW - HIV, street youth

KW - Injection drug use

KW - Needle exchange

KW - Needle sharing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001357077&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001357077&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001357077

VL - 1

SP - 225

EP - 232

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

IS - 4

ER -