Down syndrome with biparental inheritance of der(14q21q) and maternally derived trisomy 21: Confirmation by fluorescent in situ hybridization and microsatellite polymorphism analysis

Sayee Rajangam, Ron C. Michaelis, Gopal Rao V.N. Velagaleti, Shavanthi Lincoln, Sridevi Hegde, Sanjeev Lewin, Jack Tarleton, Irene M. Thomas, Avirachan T. Tharapel

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8 Scopus citations


Individuals with translocation Down syndrome (DS) often inherit the rearranged chromosome from a carrier parent. DS due to inheritance of one Robertsonian or derivative (14q21q) from one parent and a second der(14q21q) in addition to a free chromosome 21 from the other parent are rarely documented in live born infants. Presented here is such a propositus with DS and with a unique karyotype 45,XY,der(14;21) (p11.1;p11.1)pat,der(14;21) (p11.1;q11.1)mat, +21mat.Using conventional chromosome heteromorphisms, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and microsatellite polymorphism analyses, we established the biparental origin of the 2 der(14q21q) and the maternal origin of the extra chromosome 21 in the patient. A combination of both cytogenetic and molecular genetic techniques also enabled us to show that the 2 der(14q21q) were not identical by descent and hence the parents were nonconsanguineous. It has been a well-established fact that mothers with Robertsonian translocations have higher risk for nondisjunction than do carrier fathers. Our case, wherein the non-disjunctional event occurred in the mother, even though both parents are carriers of a 14;21 Robertsonian translocation, is yet another example of this.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2 1997



  • Down syndrome
  • Robertsonian translocation
  • in situ hybridization
  • microsatellite polymorphism
  • nondisjunction
  • parental origin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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