Background and Purpose: With the increasingly prominent role of stereotactic radiosurgery in radiation therapy, there is a clinical need for robust, efficient, and accurate solutions for targeting multiple sites with one patient setup. The end-to-end accuracy of high definition dynamic radiosurgery with Elekta treatment planning and delivery systems was investigated in this study. Materials and Methods: A patient-derived CT scan was used to create a radiosurgery plan to seven targets in the brain. Monaco was used for treatment planning using 5 VMAT non-coplanar arcs. Prior to delivery, 3D-printed phantoms from RTsafe were ordered including a gel phantom for 3D dosimetry, phantom with 2D film insert, and an ion chamber phantom for point dose measurement. Delivery was performed using the Elekta VersaHD, XVI cone-beam CT, and HexaPOD six degree of freedom tabletop. Results: Absolute dose accuracy was verified within 2%. 3D global gamma analysis in the film measurement revealed 3%/2 mm passing rates >95%. Gel dosimetry 3D global gamma analysis (3%/2 mm) were above 90% for all targets with the exception of one. Results were indicative of typical end-to-end accuracies (<1 mm spatial uncertainty, 2% dose accuracy) within 4 cm of isocenter. Beyond 4 cm, 2 mm accuracy was found. Conclusions: High definition dynamic radiosurgery expands clinically acceptable stereotactic accuracy to a sphere around isocenter allowing for radiosurgery of several targets with one setup with a high degree of dosimetric precision. Gel dosimetry proved to be an essential tool for the validation of the 3D dose distributions in this technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Physics and Astronomy(all)