Donor and recipient characteristics in heart transplantation are associated with altered myocardial tissue structure and cardiac function

Ryan S. Dolan, Amir A. Rahsepar, Julie Blaisdell, Roberto Sarnari, Kambiz Ghafourian, Jane E. Wilcox, Sadiya S. Khan, Esther E. Vorovich, Jonathan D. Rich, Clyde W. Yancy, Allen S. Anderson, James C. Carr, Michael Markl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: To use structure-function cardiac MRI in the evaluation of relationships between donor and heart transplantation (HTx) recipient characteristics and changes in cardiac tissue structure and function. HTx candidates and donor hearts are evaluated for donor-recipient matches to improve survival, but the impact of donor and recipient characteristics on changes in myocardial tissue and function in the transplanted heart is not fully understood. Materials and Methods: Cardiac MRI at 1.5 T was performed from August 2014 to June 2017 in 58 HTx recipients (mean age, 51.1 years ± 12.6 [standard deviation], 26 female patients) and included T2 mapping (to evaluate edematous and/or inflammatory chang-es), precontrast and postcontrast T1 mapping (allowing the calculation of extracellular volume fraction [ECV] to estimate interstitial expansion), and tissue phase mapping (allowing the calculation of myocardial velocities and twist). Donor and recipient demographics (age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index [BMI]) and comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, and smoking history) were evaluated for relationships with cardiac MRI measures. Results: Sex-influenced cardiac MRI measures of myocardial tissue and function are as follows: Female HTx recipients demonstrated increased precontrast T1 (P = .002) and reduced systolic peak long-axis velocities (P = .015). Increased age of the donor heart was associated with elevated T2 (r = 0.32; P < .05) and ECV (r = 0.47; P < .01), indicating increased edema and interstitial expansion, as well as impaired diastolic peak long-axis velocities (r = 0.41; P < .01). Recipient-donor differences in age, weight, and BMI were significantly associated with elevated ECV (r = 0.36–0.48; P < .05). Hypertension in donors resulted in increased ECV (31.0% ± 4.2 vs 26.0% ± 3.3; P = .001). Conclusion: Donor and HTx recipient characteristics were significantly associated with cardiac MRI–derived measures of myocardial tissue structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere190009
JournalRadiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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