Does a discrete fetal solvent syndrome exist?

Martha A. Medrano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Publications relating to pregnancy outcome of voluntary volatile solvent abuse were obtained from a computerized literature search and a review of Cumulated Index Medicus for the years 1976 to 1993. A brief preliminary review of reports on involuntary exposure was also done. The studies were reviewed regarding such factors as congenital defects and spontaneous abortions. Shortcomings in the methods of determining a causal association between maternal voluntary solvent exposure and the fetal solvent syndrome (Toluene Embryopathy) raise questions concerning the existence of a discrete syndrome. Suggestions are made for further epidemiologic research to demonstrate a causal association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-76
Number of pages18
JournalAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 17 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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