Docosahexaenoic acid reverses angiotensin II-induced RECK suppression and cardiac fibroblast migration

Jalahalli M. Siddesha, Anthony J. Valente, Tadashi Yoshida, Siva S.V.P. Sakamuri, Patrice Delafontaine, Hideo Iba, Makoto Noda, Bysani Chandrasekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω - 3 fatty acids) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been reported to inhibit or delay the progression of cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial fibrosis. Recently we reported that angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes cardiac fibroblast (CF) migration by suppressing the MMP regulator reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK), through a mechanism dependent on AT1, ERK, and Sp1. Here we investigated the role of miR-21 in Ang II-mediated RECK suppression, and determined whether the ω - 3 fatty acids reverse these effects. Ang II induced miR-21 expression in primary mouse cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) via ERK-dependent AP-1 and STAT3 activation, and while a miR-21 inhibitor reversed Ang II-induced RECK suppression, a miR-21 mimic inhibited both RECK expression and Ang II-induced CF migration. Moreover, Ang II suppressed the pro-apoptotic PTEN, and the ERK negative regulator Sprouty homologue 1 (SPRY1), but induced the metalloendopeptidase MMP2, all in a manner that was miR-21-dependent. Further, forced expression of PTEN inhibited Akt phosphorylation, Sp1 activation, and MMP2 induction. Notably, while both EPA and DHA reversed Ang II-mediated RECK suppression, DHA appeared to be more effective, and reversed Ang II-induced miR-21 expression, RECK suppression, MMP2 induction, and CF migration. These results indicate that Ang II-induced CF migration is differentially regulated by miR-21-mediated MMP induction and RECK suppression, and that DHA has the potential to upregulate RECK, and therefore may exert potential beneficial effects in cardiac fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-941
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2014

Keywords

  • Fibrosis
  • MicroRNA
  • PTEN
  • RECK
  • SPRY1
  • ω-3 lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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