Do alterations in vaginal dimensions after reconstructive pelvic surgeries affect the risk for dyspareunia?

Yoram Abramov, Sanjay Gandhi, Sylvia M. Botros, Roger P. Goldberg, Wendi Sherman, Margaret Rurak, Peter K. Sand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in vaginal dimensions after transvaginal reconstructive pelvic surgeries affect the risk for postoperative dyspareunia. Study design: Charts of all sexually active patients who underwent transvaginal reconstructive pelvic surgeries in our institution between July 1998 and June 2002 with 1 year of follow-up evaluations were reviewed. Data were analyzed with the Student t, χ2, Pearson's correlation tests and a logistic regression model. Results: Two hundred twenty-eight women aged 44 to 83 years were included. Dyspareunia increased after operation (16% vs 7%; P = .001); total vaginal length (7.6 vs 8.8 cm; P = .001) and genital hiatus (2.7 vs 3.5 cm; P = .001) dimensions significantly decreased after operation, with no predilection for any specific procedure. No correlation was found between these changes in vaginal dimensions and the risk for dyspareunia. Conclusion: The prevalence of dyspareunia increases after transvaginal reconstructive pelvic surgeries. Despite a postoperative decrease in vaginal dimensions, a causal relationship between dyspareunia and changes in vaginal dimensions may not exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1573-1577
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number5 SPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Dyspareunia
  • Prolapse
  • Reconstructive pelvic surgery
  • Vaginal dimension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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