Salmonella strains that lack or overproduce DNA adenine methylase (Dam) elicit a protective immune response to different Salmonella species. To generate vaccines against other bacterial pathogens, the dam genes of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Vibrio cholerae were disrupted but found to be essential for viability. Over-production of Dam significantly attenuated the virulence of these two pathogens, leading to, in Yersinia, the ectopic secretion of virulence proteins (Yersinia outer proteins) and a fully protective immune response in vaccinated hosts. Dysregulation of Dam activity may provide a means for the development of vaccines against varied bacterial pathogens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases