Divergent activation of ventromedial and ventrolateral dopamine systems in animal models of amphetamine sensitization and schizophrenia

Daniel J. Lodge, Anthony A. Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aberrant dopamine-mediated behaviours are a hallmark of a number of psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders and schizophrenia. It has been demonstrated recently that rodent models of these diseases display enhanced dopamine neuron activity throughout the ventral tegmental area (VTA). It is known, however, that the VTA is not a homogeneous structure, and that the dopamine neuron population provides discrete, topographical innervation of nucleus accumbens subregions. In addition, these ventromedial and ventrolateral dopamine systems are known to subserve complementary but distinct aspects of goal-directed behaviour. Using in-vivo extracellular recordings of identified dopamine neurons in chloral hydrate-anaesthetized rats, we examined the level of dopamine neuron population activity across the mediolateral extent of the VTA following amphetamine sensitization or gestational methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) treatment, a verified rodent model of schizophrenia. Here we demonstrate that both models display an augmented medial VTA-ventromedial striatal dopamine system function that correlates with the augmented locomotor response to amphetamine observed in both models. In contrast, only MAM-treated rats exhibit an increase in VTA-ventrolateral striatal dopamine system function. This latter finding is consistent with human imaging studies in schizophrenia patients. In summary, we demonstrate that, although a number of disorders involving a hyperdopaminergic state demonstrate an increase in dopamine neuron population activity, there is divergence in the exact populations of neurons affected. This distinction probably underlies the observed differences in disease symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Amphetamine sensitization
  • associative striatum
  • dopamine
  • nucleus accumbens
  • schizophrenia
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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