The presence of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) and C-band polymorphisms has been examined in three subspecies of squirrel monkeys, Saimiri sciureus sciureus, S. boliviensis boliviensis, and S. boliviensis peruviensis. Pericentric inversions in chromosomes 15 and 16 were also examined in the three groups. Chromosome 15 was acrocentric in S. s. sciureus and submetacentric in S. b. boliviensis and S. b. peruviensis. Chromosome 16 was acrocentric in S. s. sciureus and S. b. boliviensis while being submetacentric in S.b. peruviensis. There was a significant difference in the distribution of the C-band polymorphisms on chromosomes 5 and 14 in the three groups, as determined by Chi-square analysis, while no difference was observed in the distribution of the NOR polymorphism on chromosome 2. The NOR polymorphism and the interstitial C-band polymorphism of chromosome 14 were found in all three groups; the C-band polymorphism of chromosome 5 was found only in S. s. sciureus. Twelve pedigreed families were examined. Pedigree analyses were consistent with codominant inheritance of each polymorphism. The results of these cytogenetic studies in squirrel monkeys are pertinent to genetic management and research protocols.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology