To determine what mechanisms might be involved in the maintenance of the known extra-/intracellular concentration gradients of Na+, Cl- and K+, small pieces of mouse liver and heparinized blood were appropriately cryofixed. The tissues were cryosectioned and cryosorbed at -100 degrees C or at -40 degrees C. The former temperature prevented diffusion of all ions as measured by electron probe x-ray microanalysis of the thin (0.1 micron) cryosorbed sections of the cells while the latter temperature allowed significant diffusion of Na+ and Cl- into the hepatocytes and erythrocytes but did not allow diffusion of K+ from the hepatocytes or the erythrocytes. These results indicate that the plasma membrane is involved in maintenance of the extra-/intracellular gradients of Na+ and Cl- but that intracellular association of K+ with macromolecules is the main mechanism responsible for maintenance of the extra-/intracellular K+ concentration gradient.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR|
|State||Published - 1986|
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