Discriminative-stimulus effects of quipazine and l-5-hydroxytryptophan in relation to serotonin binding sites in the pigeon

E. A. Walker, T. Yamamoto, P. J. Hollingsworth, C. B. Smith, J. H. Woods

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13 Scopus citations


The 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin; 5-HT) agonists, RU-24969 {5-methoxy 3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-pyridinyl)1H-indole, succinate}, ipsapirone [2-{4- [4-(2-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl]butyl}-1,2-benzisothiazol-3-(2H)one-1,1- dioxidehydrochloride], 8-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-2-aminotetralin, lysergic acid diethylamide, fenfluramine and N,N-dimethyltryptamine were studied in pigeons trained to discriminate quipazine (1.0 mg/kg) from saline and in pigeons trained to discriminate I-5-HTP (18.0 mg/kg) from saline. Lysergic acid diethylamide, quipazine and fenfluramine generalized to the training stimulus in both groups of pigeons. N,N-dimethyltryptamine generalized to quipazine in all pigeons tested whereas N,N-dimethyltryptamine generalized to I-5-HTP in most pigeons tested. The natural substrate 5-HT and agonists with affinities for the 5-HT1 receptor and its subtypes (8-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-2- aminotetralin, ipsapirone, and RU-24969) only generalized in the I-5-HTP- trained pigeons. Equilibrium binding experiments using the ligands [3H]-5-HT and [3H]ketanserin were performed with six areas of pigeon brain and six homologous areas of rat brain. Two populations of 5-HT binding sites were found in brains of both species; one defined by high-affinity binding of [3H]-5-HT and the other defined by high-affinity binding of [3H]ketanserin. K(d) values were similar for the two ligands in brains of both species. 5-HT, RU-24969 and ipsapirone displaced [3H]-5-HT but not [3H]ketanserin from pigeon brain membranes. The present study suggests that, in the pigeon, the 5-HT2 receptor might mediate the discriminative-stimulus effects of quipazine, whereas the 5-HT1 receptor might mediate the effects of I-5-HTP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-782
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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