Discriminative stimulus effects of 1-(2, 5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2- aminopropane in rhesus monkeys: Antagonism and apparent pA2 analyses

Jun Xu Li, Kenner C. Rice, Charles P. France

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Discriminative stimulus effects of the serotonin (5-HT) receptor agonist 1-(2, 5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOM) have been studied in rats and, more recently, in rhesus monkeys. This study examined DOM, 2, 5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylthiophen-ethylamine (2C-T-7), and dipropyltryptamine hydrochloride (DPT) alone and in combination with three antagonists, MDL100907 [(±)2, 3-dimethoxyphenyl-1-[2-(4-piperidine)-methanol]], ketanserin [3-[2-[4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)piperidin-1-yl]ethyl]-1H-quinazoline-2, 4-dione], and ritanserin [6-[2-[4-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)methylidene]pip- eridin-1-yl]ethyl]-7- methyl-[1, 3]thiazolo[2, 3-b]pyrimidin-5-one], to identify the 5-HT receptor subtype(s) that mediates the discriminative stimulus effects of these 5-HT receptor agonists. Four adult rhesus monkeys discriminated between 0.32 mg/kg s.c. DOM and vehicle while responding under a fixed ratio 5 schedule of stimulus shock termination. DOM, 2C-T-7, and DPT dose-dependently increased responding on the DOM-associated lever. MDL100907 (0.001-0.01 mg/kg), ketanserin (0.01-0.1 mg/kg), and ritanserin (0.01-0.1 mg/kg) each shifted the dose-response curves of DOM, 2C-T-7, and DPT rightward in a parallel manner. Schild analysis of each drug combination was consistent with a simple, competitive, and reversible interaction. Similar apparent affinity (pA2) values were obtained for MDL100907 in combination with DOM (8.61), 2C-T-7 (8.58), or DPT (8.50), for ketanserin with DOM (7.67), 2C-T-7 (7.75), or DPT (7.71), and for ritanserin with DOM (7.65), 2C-T-7 (7.75), or DPT (7.65). Potency of antagonists in this study was correlated with binding affinity at 5-HT2A receptors and not at 5-HT2C or α1 adrenergic receptors. This study used Schild analysis to examine receptor mechanisms mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of hallucinogenic drugs acting at 5-HT receptors; results provide quantitative evidence for the predominant, if not exclusive, role of S-HT2A receptors in the discriminative stimulus effects of DOM, 2C-T-7, and DPT in rhesus monkeys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-981
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume328
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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