The discriminative effects of cyclorphan were studied in pigeons trained to discriminate 0.32 mg/kg ethylketazocine, 1.8 mg/kg cyclazocine, or 32 mg/kg naltrexone from saline. A fourth group of pigeons was administered 100 mg/kg/day morphine and trained to discriminate 0.1 mg/kg naltrexone from saline. Cyclorphan produced dose-related ethylketazocine-appropriate responding that reached a maximum of 83% of the total session responses at 0.3 mg/kg. Higher cyclorphan doses produced less ethylketazocine-appropriate responding. In pigeons trained to discriminate cyclazocine from saline, maximum drug-appropriate responding of greater than 90% occured at 5.6-10.0 mg/kg cyclorphan. In narcotic-naive pigeons trained to discriminate 32 mg/kg naltrexone from saline, cyclorphan produced a maximum of less than 50% drug-appropriate responding. In contrast, in pigeons chronically administered morphine and trained to discriminate 0.1 mg/kg naltrexone from saline, 1.0 mg/kg cyclorphan resulted in 100% drug-appropriate responding. In pigeons responding under a multiple fixed-interval, fixed-ratio schedule of food delivery, cyclorphan produced a complete dose-related reversal of the rate-decreasing effects of 10 mg/kg morphine, the maximally effective antagonist doses being 1.0-3.2 mg/kg. Higher cyclorphan doses (10 mg/kg) resulted in response rate decreases that were not reversed by naloxone (1 mg/kg). Thus, cyclorphan has discriminative effects that are similar to those of both ethylketazocine and, at 20-fold higher doses, cyclazocine. In addition, in morphine-treated pigeons, cyclorphan, across the same range of doses that produce ethylketazocine-appropriate responding, has discriminative effects that are similar to those of naltrexone, an effect that is probably related to the antagonist action of the drug.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)