Discrimination and social anxiety disorder among African-Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-hispanic whites

Debra Siegel Levine, Joseph A. Himle, Jamie M. Abelson, Niki Matusko, Nikhil Dhawan, Robert Joseph Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between discrimination and social anxiety disorder (SAD) in a sample of African-Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites using the National Survey of American Life, the most comprehensive study of psychopathology among American blacks to date (N = 6082). Previous work has highlighted a strong association between discrimination and mental health symptoms (Keith, Lincoln, Taylor, and Jackson [Sex Roles 62:48-59, ]; Kessler, Mickelson, and Williams [J Health Soc Behav 40:208-230, 1999]; Soto, Dawson-Andoh, and BeLue [J Anxiety Disord 25:258-265, ]). However, few studies have examined the effects of particular types of discrimination on specific anxiety disorders or among different black subgroups. In this study, logistic regression analyses indicated that everyday but not major experiences of discrimination are associated with SAD for African-Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites. This study adds to the extant literature by demonstrating that specific types of discrimination may be uniquely associated with SAD for different ethnic/racial groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume202
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Social anxiety disorder
  • discrimination
  • diverse racial/ethnic groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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