Rated tape recordings of 60 early sessions of psychoanalytically oriented therapy on 110 process variables. The ratings of 3 Os were clustered and factor analyzed. 4 factors were rotated and interpreted as (a) patient health vs. distress, (b) optimal empathic relationship, (c) active directive mode, and (d) interpretive mode with receptive patient. For 27 of the 30 patients, outcome ratings were obtained from the therapist (patient improvement and success + patient satisfaction). Patient improvement was not predicted by any process ratings. Success + patient satisfaction, on which women scored higher than men, was predicted by patient health vs. distress. Patients rated in early sessions as healthy and low in distress had better prognoses. Optimal empathic relationship qualities related positively to success in therapies low in directive mode, but for relatively directive therapies, this relationship was negative. (31 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- ratings of tape recordings of psychoanalytically oriented therapy sessions, cluster & factor analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health